January 27, 2007

HAPPY BIRTHDAY VRWC !!!

On This Day

January 27, 1998

First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, appearing on NBC's "Today" show, charged the allegations against her husband were the work of a "vast right-wing conspiracy."

Coining the name of a movement that many of us are proud, card carrying members of is Hillary's greatest political acheivement.
Approximately one Chronon later I became a member.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY VRWC !!!


- Joatmoaf -

January 27, 2007 at 07:44 PM | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

May 31, 2006

On This Day

May 31, 1790

U.S. Copywrite law was enacted.


May 31, 1809

May 31, Composer Franz Joseph Haydn died in Vienna, Austria on his 77th birthday. When Napoleon’s armies marched into Vienna, the commanding general posted guards in front of Haydn’s house to protect Haydn from trouble, and a young officer was sent to sing for the old man.


May 31, 1868

The 1st Memorial Day parade was held in Ironton, Ohio.


May 31, 1889

A damn across a tributary of the Little Conemaugh River collapsed under pressure from the rain-swollen Lake Conemaugh. Water slammed into Johnstown, Pa., 55 miles southeast of Pittsburgh and killed 2,209 people in a flood and related fire.


May 31, 1900

U.S. troops arrived in Peking to help put down the Boxer Rebellion.


May 31, 1902

The Boer War ends.


May 31, 1909

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) held its first conference at the United Charities Building in NYC.


May 31, 1916

The Battle Of Jutland

24 Battleships, 5 Battle Cruisers, 11 Light Cruisers and 63 Destroyers of the German fleet faced off against 28 Battleships, nine Battle Cruisers, 34 Light Cruisers and 80 Destroyers of the British fleet.

Just before four o’clock on the afternoon of May 31, 1916, a British naval force commanded by Vice Admiral David Beatty confronts a squadron of German ships, led by Admiral Franz von Hipper, some 75 miles off the Danish coast. The two squadrons opened fire on each other simultaneously, beginning the opening phase of the greatest naval battle of World War I, the Battle of Jutland.

The Battle of Jutland—or the Battle of the Skagerrak, as it was known to the Germans—engaged a total of 100,000 men aboard 250 ships over the course of 72 hours. The Germans, giddy from the glory of Scheer’s brilliant escape, claimed it as a victory for their High Seas Fleet. At first the British press agreed, but the truth was not so clear-cut. The German navy lost 11 ships, including a battleship and a battle cruiser, and suffered 3,058 casualties; the British sustained heavier losses, with 14 ships sunk, including three battle cruisers, and 6,784 casualties. Ten more German ships had suffered heavy damage, however, and by June 2, 1916, only 10 ships that had been involved in the battle were ready to leave port again (Jellicoe, on the other hand, could have put 23 to sea). On July 4, 1916, Scheer reported to the German high command that further fleet action was not an option, and that submarine warfare was Germany’s best hope for victory at sea.


May 31, 1921

A major race riot broke out in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Greenwood, the black section of town, was burned. In 1997 Jewell Parker Rhodes wrote the novel "Magic City" based on this event. As many as 10,000 white men and boys attacked the black community and 35 blocks of the black business district were burned with participation by police officers and a local unit of the National Guard. Some 200-300 people were believed to have been killed. In 2000 the Tulsa Race Riot Commission recommended that reparations be paid to survivors of the riots. In 2001 a final state commission recommended that reparations be paid to survivors and their descendants.


May 31, 1940

General Bernard Montgomery left Dunkirk.

Winston Churchill flew to Paris.


May 31, 1955

Supreme Court ordered that states must end racial segregation "with all deliberate speed."


May 31, 1962

Adolf Eichman, the Architect of the Holocoust was hanged in Tel Aviv, Isreal.

In January 1942, Eichmann met with top Nazi officials at the Wansee Conference near Berlin for the purpose of planning a "final solution of the Jewish question," as Nazi leader Hermann Goering put it. The Nazis decided to exterminate Europe's Jewish population. Eichmann was appointed to coordinate the identification, assembly, and transportation of millions of Jews from occupied Europe to the Nazi death camps, where Jews were gassed or worked to death. He carried this duty out with horrifying efficiency, and between three to four million Jews perished in the extermination camps before the end of World War II. Close to two million were executed elsewhere.


May 31, 1982

Jack Dempsey (86), former heavyweight boxing champ, actor, died.


May 31, 1988, 1990, 1994

Three U.S. Presidents in three different years, take significant steps to end the Cold War.

Ronald Reagan in 1988

On the third day of the Moscow superpower summit, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev said maybe it was "time to bang our fists on the table" to complete work on a strategic arms treaty. President Reagan responded: "I'll do anything that works." Reagan received a standing ovation from students at Moscow Univ. following a short speech with questions and answers.

George H.W. Bush in 1990

President Bush and his wife, Barbara, welcomed Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev in a ceremony on South Lawn of the White House. The two leaders and their aides then held talks on German reunification.

William Jefferson Clintion in 1994

President Bill Clinton pledged continued cooperation with Russia in a “New World Order,” declaring that the U.S. would no longer point nuclear missiles at Russia, ending the antagonism and fear of “mutually assured destruction” that characterized the half-century-long Cold War between the two superpowers.


May 31, 1995

President Clinton declared he was ready to permit the temporary use of American ground forces in Bosnia to help UN peacekeepers move to safer positions if necessary.


May 31, 1996

Timothy Leary (75) died of prostate cancer.

Leary was a big promoter of LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide. He began using the drug while at Harvard with Richard Alpert, aka Baba Ram Dass. He was arrested in 1969 for marijuana possession and sentenced to 10 years, but escaped from captivity. In 1973 he was caught in Afghanistan and returned to prison from which he was paroled in 1976.


May 31, 1997

Rosie Will Monroe (76), WW II icon (Rosie the riveter), died.


May 31, 1999

During a Memorial Day visit to Arlington National Cemetery, President Clinton asked Americans to reconsider their ambivalence about Kosovo, calling it "a very small province in a small country. But it is a big test of what we believe in."

NATO missiles killed at least 26 people in separate attacks. In Novi Pazar an apartment block was struck and 10 people were killed. At least 16 people were killed on the outskirts of Surdulica, when missiles hit a hospital and retirement complex.


May 31, 2000

Clinton proposed to EU allies in Portugal to share key technology on a US missile defense program to calm fears of a nuclear arms race that would leave Europe vulnerable.

Tito Puente, Latin jazz bandleader, died in New York at age 77. He recorded some 119 albums from 1949 to 2000.


May 31, 2001

Microsoft released its new Office XP for Windows software.

In Afghanistan the Taliban barred female foreign-aid workers from driving. The virtue ministry said the activity is harmful for society.


May 31, 2002

A three-judge federal panel in Philadelphia ruled that public libraries cannot be forced to install software that blocks sexually explicit Web sites.

The US State Dept. urged some 60,000 Americans in India to leave over concerns of war between India and Pakistan.

Bulgaria signed an agreement with the US to destroy its Cold War-era missiles. The US planned to pay the costs of destruction.

In Denmark the Parliament voted to stiffen rules on immigration.


May 31, 2003

President Bush visited the site of the Nazi death camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland as he challenged allies to overcome their bitterness and mistrust over the Iraq war and unite in the struggle against terrorism.

American forces arrested 15 members of Saddam Hussein's banned Baath Party as they met at a police college in Baghdad.

Air France planned to ground its last 5 Concorde airplanes. The Air France Concorde, the world's fastest and most luxurious passenger jet, flew from New York to Paris for the last time.


May 31, 2004

In Austria a catamaran filled 27 people overturned on Hinterbruehl Grotto, Europe's largest underground lake, drowning 5 people after the boat's railings formed a cage 5 feet down on the lake floor.

Newbridge Capital, an American private equity firm, became the 1st foreign financial to gain control of a Chinese bank with an 18% stake in Shenzhen Development Bank and majority control of the board.


May 31, 2005

Human Events, a conservative weekly, published a list of what 15 conservative scholars considered to be the 10 most harmful books of the 19th and 20th century. Here

NATO troops took command of security and reconstruction efforts in western Afghanistan from US forces under a plan that will likely soon put NATO forces into insurgent hot spots.

China said reporter Ching Cheong of The Straits Times, Singapore's main English-language newspaper, has admitted to spying for a foreign intelligence agency. Cheong’s wife said he was arrested April 22 after a source gave him documents about purged former Communist Party leader Zhao Ziyang, who died this year.

French President Jacques Chirac appointed Dominique de Villepin, a loyalist who was France's voice against the Iraq war, as prime minister.

Pakistan’s Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Senior al-Qaida terrorist suspect Abu Farraj al-Libbi, arrested on May 2, will be sent to the US for prosecution. He is believed to be behind two assassination attempts against Musharraf and could have received the death penalty here.


- Joatmoaf -

May 31, 2006 at 12:01 AM | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

October 13, 2005

Happy 230th Birthday US Navy


CLICK

On Friday, October 13, 1775, meeting in Philadelphia, the Continental Congress voted to fit out two sailing vessels, armed with ten carriage guns, as well as swivel guns, and manned by crews of eighty, and to send them out on a cruise of three months to intercept transports carrying munitions and stores to the British army in America. This was the original legislation out of which the Continental Navy grew and as such constitutes the birth certificate of the navy.


You don`t look a day older than 225.

- Joatmoaf -

October 13, 2005 at 06:20 AM | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

October 08, 2005

On This Day

On This Day, October 8, 1918

Corporal Alvin C. York single handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.

Source


During World War I, U.S. Corporal Alvin C. York is credited with single-handedly killing 25 German soldiers and capturing 132 in the Argonne Forest of France. The action saved York's small detachment from annihilation by a German machine-gun nest and won the reluctant warrior from backwater Tennessee the Congressional Medal of Honor.

Born in a log cabin in rural Tennessee in 1887, Alvin Cullum York supplemented his family's subsistence farming by hunting and, like his father, was soon an expert marksman. He also earned a reputation as a hell-raiser, and few imagined he would amount to anything but trouble. Around 1915, however, York experienced a religious conversion after a friend was killed in a bar brawl. He joined the fundamentalist Church of Christ in Christian Union and served as song leader and Sunday school teacher at the local church.

Two months after the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, York received his draft notice. Because his church opposed war, he asked for conscientious objector status but was denied at both the state and local level because the small Church of Christ in Christian Union was not recognized as a legitimate Christian sect. Enlisting in the 82nd Infantry Division, he was offered noncombat duty but eventually agreed to fight after being convinced by a superior that America's cause was just.

On October 8, 1918, York and 15 other soldiers under the command of Sergeant Bernard Early were dispatched to seize a German-held rail point during the Allies' Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The Americans lost their way and soon found themselves behind enemy lines. A brief firefight ensued with a superior German force, and in the confusion a group of Germans surrendered. However, German machine-gunners on a hill overlooking the scene soon noticed the small size of Early's patrol. Yelling in German for their comrades to take cover, the machine gunners opened fire on the Americans, cutting down half the detachment, including Sergeant Early.

York immediately returned fire and with his marksman eye began picking off the German gunners. He then fearlessly charged the machine-gun nest. Several of the other surviving Americans followed his lead and probably contributed to the final total of 25 enemy killed. With his automatic pistol, York shot down six German soldiers sent out of the trench to intercept him. The German commander, thinking he had underestimated the size of the American force, surrendered as York reached the machine-gun nest. York and the other seven survivors took custody of some 90 Germans and on the way back to the Allied lines encountered 40 or so other enemy troops, who were coerced to surrender by the German major that the Americans had in their custody. The final tally was 132 prisoners.

York was promoted to the rank of sergeant and hailed as the greatest civilian soldier of the war by several Allied leaders. He was given a hero's welcome upon his return to the United States in 1919 and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military decoration. In the 1920s, he used his fame to raise funds for the York Industrial Institute (now Alvin C. York Institute), a school for underprivileged children in rural Tennessee. He later opened a Bible school. Sergeant York, the 1941 film starring Gary Cooper, was based on his life. York died in 1964.


OUTSTANDING!!!

- Joatmoaf -

October 8, 2005 at 10:06 AM | Permalink | Comments (2) | TrackBack

September 14, 2005

On This Day...

I can`t believe I almost forgot one of the most significant anniversaries in American History.

On This Day...September 14, 1814

Francis Scott Key composes the lyrics to the Star Spangled Banner.


A year and a half ago I posted a piece about Isaac Azimov's feelings on this topic. Azimov was always one of my favorite authors, and not just for his science fiction writing. He could write about almost anything and often did. He wrote some excellent detective stories and humor and was a favorite of mine since about the time I started reading.

When I was about 9 years old my dad bought a huge encyclopedia set. There were 24 leather bound books of about 400 pages each going from A to Z, and it came with 24 leather bound books of "stories". The whole thing came in a Cherry book table about the size of a coffee table on steroids and it probably weighed 250 lbs.
I was a voracious reader and YES, I actually read the encyclopedias, but what got my interest was the books of "stories".
Here`s where I learned of Gilgamesh, Atlantis, Ancient Rome and Egypt. I walk with dinosaurs and flew through the stars with the authors from the Golden Age of science fiction.
From those books is where I learned the potential of art, science, history and imagination. They weren`t just fables or myths, although myths and fables were well represented in those pages. No, those books were also interspersed with history, science, facts and theoretical speculation.
They had everything my young mind needed to keep me interested, and from those books is where I first read a short "Space Opera" science fiction story by Isaac Azimov and loved his writing ever since.

Without further ado, in his own words, what Isaac Azimov thought of the Star Spangled Banner.

I have a weakness--I am crazy, absolutely nuts, about our national anthem.
The words are difficult and the tune is almost impossible, but frequently when I'm taking a shower I sing it with as much power and emotion as I can. It shakes me up every time.

I was once asked to speak at a luncheon. Taking my life in my hands, I announced I was going to sing our national anthem--all four stanzas.

This was greeted with loud groans. One man closed the door to the kitchen, where the noise of dishes and cutlery was loud and distracting. "Thanks, Herb," I said.

"That's all right," he said. "It was at the request of the kitchen staff."

I explained the background of the anthem and then sang all four stanzas.

Let me tell you, those people had never heard it before--or had never really listened. I got a standing ovation. But it was not me; it was the anthem.

More recently, while conducting a seminar, I told my students the story of the anthem and sang all four stanzas. Again there was a wild ovation and prolonged applause. And again, it was the anthem and not me.

So now let me tell you how it came to be written.

In 1812, the United States went to war with Great Britain, primarily over freedom of the seas. We were in the right. For two years, we held off the British, even though we were still a rather weak country. Great Britain was in a life and death struggle with Napoleon. In fact, just as the United States declared war, Napoleon marched off to invade Russia. If he won, as everyone expected, he would control Europe, and Great Britain would be isolated. It was no time for her to be involved in an American war.

At first, our seamen proved better than the British. After we won a battle on Lake Erie in 1813, the American commander, Oliver Hazard Perry, sent the message "We have met the enemy and they are ours." However, the weight of the British navy beat down our ships eventually. New England, hard-hit by a tightening blockade, threatened secession.

Meanwhile, Napoleon was beaten in Russia and in 1814 was forced to abdicate. Great Britain now turned its attention to the United States, launching a three-pronged attack. The northern prong was to come down Lake Champlain toward New York and seize parts of New England. The southern prong was to go up the Mississippi, take New Orleans and paralyze the west. The central prong was to head for the mid-Atlantic states and then attack Baltimore, the greatest port south of New York. If Baltimore was taken, the nation, which still hugged the Atlantic coast, could be split in two. The fate of the United States, then, rested to a large extent on the success or failure of the central prong.

The British reached the American coast, and on August 24, 1814, took Washington, D. C. Then they moved up the Chesapeake Bay toward Baltimore. On September 12, they arrived and found 1000 men in Fort McHenry, whose guns controlled the harbor. If the British wished to take Baltimore, they would have to take the fort.

On one of the British ships was an aged physician, William Beanes, who had been arrested in Maryland and brought along as a prisoner. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer and friend of the physician, had come to the ship to negotiate his release. The British captain was willing, but the two Americans would have to wait. It was now the night of September 13, and the bombardment of Fort McHenry was about to start.

As twilight deepened, Key and Beanes saw the American flag flying over Fort McHenry. Through the night, they heard bombs bursting and saw the red glare of rockets. They knew the fort was resisting and the American flag was still flying. But toward morning the bombardment ceased, and a dread silence fell. Either Fort McHenry had surrendered and the British flag flew above it, or the bombardment had failed and the American flag still flew.

As dawn began to brighten the eastern sky, Key and Beanes stared out at the fort, tyring to see which flag flew over it. He and the physician must have asked each other over and over, "Can you see the flag?"

After it was all finished, Key wrote a four stanza poem telling the events of the night. Called "The Defence of Fort M'Henry," it was published in newspapers and swept the nation. Someone noted that the words fit an old English tune called "To Anacreon in Heaven" --a difficult melody with an uncomfortably large vocal range. For obvious reasons, Key's work became known as "The Star Spangled Banner," and in 1931 Congress declared it the official anthem of the United States.

Now that you know the story, here are the words. Presumably, the old doctor is speaking. This is what he asks Key


Oh! say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
Oh! say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

"Ramparts," in case you don't know, are the protective walls or other elevations that surround a fort. The first stanza asks a question. The second gives an answer


On the shore, dimly seen thro' the mist of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep.
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream
'Tis the star-spangled banner. Oh! long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

"The towering steep" is again, the ramparts. The bombardment has failed, and the British can do nothing more but sail away, their mission a failure.

In the third stanza, I feel Key allows himself to gloat over the American triumph. In the aftermath of the bombardment, Key probably was in no mood to act otherwise.

During World War II, when the British were our staunchest allies, this third stanza was not sung. However, I know it, so here it is


And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footstep's pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

The fourth stanza, a pious hope for the future, should be sung more slowly than the other three and with even deeper feeling.


Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes and the war's desolation,
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the Heav'n - rescued land
Praise the Pow'r that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, for our cause is just,
And this be our motto--"In God is our trust."
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

I hope you will look at the national anthem with new eyes. Listen to it, the next time you have a chance, with new ears.

And don't let them ever take it away.

Isaac Asimov
March 1991

- Joatmoaf -

September 14, 2005 at 07:50 PM | Permalink | Comments (7) | TrackBack

May 08, 2005

On This Day

May 8, 1945

V-E Day is celebrated in the United States and Europe:


"On this day in 1945, both Great Britain and the United States celebrate Victory in Europe Day. Cities in both nations, as well as formerly occupied cities in Western Europe, put out flags and banners, rejoicing in the defeat of the Nazi war machine.

The eighth of May spelled the day when German troops throughout Europe finally laid down their arms: In Prague, Germans surrendered to their Soviet antagonists, after the latter had lost more than 8,000 soldiers, and the Germans considerably more; in Copenhagen and Oslo; at Karlshorst, near Berlin; in northern Latvia; on the Channel Island of Sark--the German surrender was realized in a final cease-fire. More surrender documents were signed in Berlin and in eastern Germany.

The main concern of many German soldiers was to elude the grasp of Soviet forces, to keep from being taken prisoner. About 1 million Germans attempted a mass exodus to the West when the fighting in Czechoslovakia ended, but were stopped by the Russians and taken captive. The Russians took approximately 2 million prisoners in the period just before and after the German surrender."

May 8, 1911

The Anniversery of Naval Aviation

The U.S. Navy ordered it first airplane, the Curtiss A-1

May 8, 1942

The Battle of The Coral Sea Ends With Japanese Fleet Retiring From The Area


"The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought in the waters southwest of the Solomon Islands and eastward from New Guinea, was the first of the Pacific War's six fights between opposing aircraft carrier forces. Though the Japanese could rightly claim a tactical victory on "points", it was an operational and strategic defeat for them, the first major check on the great offensive they had begun five months earlier at Pearl Harbor. The diversion of Japanese resources represented by the Coral Sea battle would also have immense consequences a month later, at the Battle of Midway."

Read more on The Battle of The Coral Sea Here.


Sorry I posted this so late in the day, but better late than never.

P.S. Don`t forget mom today.


- Joatmoaf -

May 8, 2005 at 08:27 PM | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

April 09, 2005

On This Day

April 9, 1865

The Amarican Civil War ends.


At Appomattox, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the American Civil War. Forced to abandon the Confederate capital of Richmond, blocked from joining the surviving Confederate force in North Carolina, and harassed constantly by Union cavalry, Lee had no other option.

April 9, 1940

Germany Invades Norway


During World War II, Nazi Germany invades neutral Norway, surprising the Norwegian and British defenders of the country and capturing several strategic points along the Norwegian coast. During the invasion's preliminary phase, Norwegian Fascists under Vidkun Quisling acted as a so-called fifth column for the German invaders, seizing Norway's nerve centers, spreading false rumors, and occupying military bases and other locations. In June, Norway fell to the Nazis.


April 9, 1942

U.S. Surrenders in Bataan


On this day in 1942, Major General Edward P. King Jr. surrenders at Bataan, Philippines--against General Douglas MacArthur's orders--and 78,000 troops (66,000 Filipinos and 12,000 Americans), the largest contingent of U.S. soldiers ever to surrender, are taken captive by the Japanese.


April 9, 1987

George Shultz Condemns Soviet Spying


Just days before he is to travel to Moscow for talks on arms control and other issues, U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz states that he is "damned angry" about possible Soviet spy activity in the American embassy in the Soviet Union. Soviet officials indignantly replied that the espionage charges were "dirty fabrications."

However, charges of Soviet espionage in the U.S. embassy in Moscow threatened to derail any discussions. In particular, U.S. officials charged that since at least the early 1980s, Soviet espionage agents had gained access to the American embassy in Moscow by working through the Marine guards stationed there. In addition, there were allegations that the new U.S. embassy under construction was riddled with Soviet spying equipment. Shultz declared, "They invaded our sovereign territory, and we're damned upset about it."


Hippy History:

April 9, 1969

"Chicago Eight" Plead Not Guilty


The Chicago Eight, indicted on federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, plead not guilty. The trial for the eight antiwar activists had begun in Chicago on March 20. The defendants included David Dellinger of the National Mobilization Committee (NMC); Rennie Davis and Thomas Hayden of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS); Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, founders of the Youth International Party ("Yippies"); Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers; and two lesser known activists, Lee Weiner and John Froines.

They were charged with conspiracy to cross state lines with intent to incite a riot. Attorneys William Kunstler and Leonard Weinglass represented all but Seale. The trial, presided over by Judge Julius Hoffman, turned into a circus as the defendants and their attorneys used the court as a platform to attack Nixon, the war, racism, and oppression. Their tactics were so disruptive that at one point Judge Hoffman ordered Seale gagged and strapped to his chair. (Seale's disruptive behavior eventually caused the judge to try him separately). When the trial ended in February 1970, Hoffman found the defendants and their attorneys guilty of 175 counts of contempt of court and sentenced them to terms ranging from two to four years. Although declaring the defendants not guilty of conspiracy, the jury found all but Froines and Weiner guilty of intent to riot. The others were each sentenced to five years and fined $5,000. However, none of the defendants served time because in 1972 a Court of Appeals overturned the criminal convictions and eventually most of the contempt charges were also dropped.


UPDATE:

April 9, 1945

"This is the end - but for me, the beginning of life"

Those were not the words of Pope John Paul II, but of German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer, executed 60 years ago today by the Nazis in the closing days of World War II.

Read this great article on Dietrich Bonhoeffer over at The Night Writer

Found at Amy Ridenour`s


- Joatmoaf -

April 9, 2005 at 10:16 AM | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

February 23, 2005

On This Day

February 23, 1945

U.S. Marines Raise U.S. flag over Mt. Suribachi on the island of Iwo Jima.


Lflaga


Semper Fi


For many more photos and videos of this historic event go here.

- Joatmoaf -

February 23, 2005 at 06:39 AM | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

February 14, 2005

On This Day

February 14, 1779

Cpt. Cook killed in Hawaii

On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is murdered by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island group.
Cook and his crew were welcomed by the Hawaiians, who were fascinated by the Europeans' ships and their use of iron. Cook provisioned his ships by trading the metal, and his sailors traded iron nails for sex. The ships then made a brief stop at Ni'ihau and headed north to look for the western end of a northwest passage from the North Atlantic to the Pacific. Almost one year later, Cook's two ships returned to the Hawaiian Islands and found a safe harbor in Hawaii's Kealakekua Bay.

It is suspected that the Hawaiians attached religious significance to the first stay of the Europeans on their islands. In Cook's second visit, there was no question of this phenomenon. Kealakekua Bay was considered the sacred harbor of Lono, the fertility god of the Hawaiians, and at the time of Cook's arrival the locals were engaged in a festival dedicated to Lono. Cook and his compatriots were welcomed as gods and for the next month exploited the Hawaiians' good will. After one of the crewmen died, exposing the Europeans as mere mortals, relations became strained. On February 4, 1779, the British ships sailed from Kealakekua Bay, but rough seas damaged the foremast of the Resolution, and after only a week at sea the expedition was forced to return to Hawaii.

The Hawaiians greeted Cook and his men by hurling rocks; they then stole a small cutter vessel from the Discovery. Negotiations with King Kalaniopuu for the return of the cutter collapsed after a lesser Hawaiian chief was shot to death and a mob of Hawaiians descended on Cook's party. The captain and his men fired on the angry Hawaiians, but they were soon overwhelmed, and only a few managed to escape to the safety of the Resolution. Captain Cook himself was killed by the mob. A few days later, the Englishmen retaliated by firing their cannons and muskets at the shore, killing some 30 Hawaiians. The Resolution and Discovery eventually returned to England


February 14, 1929

St. Valentines Day Massacre

Seven members of George "Bugs" Morans North Siders gang were lured into a garage on North Clarke Street, Chicago and murdered by members of Alphonse "Scarface" Capones gang.

Capone was in Florida in February 1929 when he gave the go-ahead for the assassination of Bugs Moran. On February 13, a bootlegger called Moran and offered to sell him a truckload of high quality whiskey at a low price. Moran took the bait and the next morning pulled up to the delivery location where he was to meet several associates and purchase the whisky. He was running a little late, and just as he was pulling up to the garage he saw what looked like two policemen and two detectives get out of an unmarked car and head to the door. Thinking he had nearly avoided being caught in a police raid, Moran drove off. The four men, however, were Capone's assassins, and they were only entering the building before Moran's arrival because they had mistaken one of the seven men inside for the boss himself.

Wearing their stolen police uniforms and heavily armed, Capone's henchmen surprised Moran's men, who agreed to line up against the wall. Thinking they had fallen prey to a routine police raid, they allowed themselves to be disarmed. A moment later, they were gunned down in a hail of shotgun and submachine-gun fire. Six were killed instantly, and the seventh survived for less than an hour.


February 14, 1943

The Battle Of Kasserine Pass

On this day, German General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps launch an offensive against an Allied defensive line in Tunisia, North Africa. The Kasserine Pass was the site of the United States' first major battle defeat of the war.

General Erwin Rommel was dispatched to North Africa in February 1942, along with the new Afrika Korps, to prevent his Italian Axis partner from losing its territorial gains in the region to the British. Despite his skill, until this point Rommel had been unable to do much more than manage his own forces' retreats, but the Battle of Kasserine Pass would finally display the "Desert Fox's" strategic genius.

In the Battle of El Alamein in August 1942, British General Bernard Montgomery pushed Rommel out of Egypt and into Tunisia, behind the Mareth Line, a defensive fortification built by Vichy French forces. After taking several months to regroup, Rommel decided on a bold move. Rommel set his sites of Tunis, Tunisia's capital and a key strategic goal for both Allied and Axis forces. Rommel determined that the weakest point in the Allied defensive line was at the Kasserine Pass, a 2-mile-wide gap in Tunisia's Dorsal Mountains, which was defended by American troops. His first strike was repulsed, but with tank reinforcements, Rommel broke through on February 20, inflicting devastating casualties on the U.S. forces. The Americans withdrew from their position, leaving behind most of their equipment. More than 1,000 American soldiers were killed by Rommel's offensive, and hundreds were taken prisoner. The United States had finally tasted defeat in battle.

February 14, 1962

Kennedy authorizes U.S. advisors to fire in self defense in Vietnam

February 14, 1913

James Riddle Hoffa was born in Brazil, Indiana.
( Who knows when he died.)

- Joatmoaf -

February 14, 2005 at 07:29 AM | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

January 19, 2005

On This Day

January 19, 2004

On This Day one year ago a brilliantly intellegent and dashingly handsome fellow named Joatmoaf started a humble website called I Love Jet Noise. After a short while, the brilliantly intellegent and dashingly handsome Joatmoaf decided to use the superior intellect and reasoning ability of his abnormaly massive pre-frontal cortex, to ask the shy, meek and unassuming Cassandra to co-author.
That wise choice could not have been concieved by lesser beings of inferior intellect, and it was a wise choice. From that time the site started growing in a new and big way. It gained a life of its own and became, I`m proud to say, quite reputable, with articles being linked to by some pretty heavy hitters in the Blogdom.
Despite all the fine articles, contests and quizzes I`m most proud of the quality of the readers, that`s what I was aiming for in the first place.
Cassandra has outgrown Jet Noise and has moved on to start her own site which I`m also proud to say, is doing very well. Guilty by association.
In case you were wondering, this site isn`t going anywhere. It may just slip quietly back into the comfortable realm of "humble blog" for a time or it may not.
One thing`s for sure, it has been a VERY good year for I Love Jet Noise thanks in large part to Cassandra, but thanks mostly to you, the readers and visitors from all over the world and every persuasion.

Thanks to Cassandra for bringing some outstanding Class to the site.
Thanks to the readers who are the best bunch of people I have ever had the fortune to get to know.
Thank God who brought it all together and made it all possible.

And now a treat, I Love Jet Noise...In Spanish.


- Joatmoaf -

January 19, 2005 at 12:16 AM | Permalink | Comments (29) | TrackBack